The Department of Political Affairs (DPA) plays a central role in United Nations efforts to prevent and resolve deadly conflict around the world.
DPA monitors and assesses global political developments with an eye to detecting potential crises before they erupt and devising effective responses. The Department provides support to the Secretary-General and his envoys, as well as to UN political missions deployed around the world to help defuse crises or promote lasting solutions to conflict.
With the support of UN Member States, DPA has evolved into a more mobile and agile platform for crisis response, capable of rapidly deploying mediators and other peacemaking expertise to the field and cooperating closely with regional organizations on the frontlines of conflicts.
The Department has six regional divisions, which cover the globe. DPA also provides staff support to the UN Security Council, advices the UN Special Committee on Decolonization on the 16 remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories on the UN list through DPA’s Decolonization Unit and services the Secretariat of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People through its Palestinian Rights Division. The Department also contributes directly to UN efforts to promote peace and prevent conflict by coordinating UN electoral assistance activities through its Electoral Assistance Division. The Policy and Mediation Division leads DPA’s guidance and learning work and policy development overall, including in the area of gender, peace and security, and houses the Department’s mediation expertise including expert staff which are deployable to support mediation initiatives around the world.
Peacemaking and Preventive Diplomacy
Where the Secretary-General’s diplomatic “good offices” are employed to help bring warring parties toward peace or to prevent political and armed conflicts from escalating, DPA is typically working behind the scenes to define and plan the mission and to provide guidance and backing to mediators. Whereas the United Nations today is one of many actors in a diverse field of international conflict mediation, DPA acts as a center for expertise on preventive diplomacy, mediation and peacemaking, whose services are available to UN and non-UN envoys alike.
Effective policy responses begin with sound and timely information and analysis - having a pulse on events as they develop. Primarily through the work of its regional divisions, DPA monitors developments and provides the Secretary-General with analytical reports and briefing notes to inform his decisions and shape his continuous diplomacy with UN Member States, regional and non-governmental organizations and other actors. Senior DPA officials are called on frequently to brief the UN Security Council on global political developments, the status of UN peacemaking efforts and the activities of UN political missions in the field.
The Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs and head of DPA is also the focal point for electoral assistance by the United Nations, evaluating requests from Member States and ensuring consistency in the delivery of assistance by the various UN agencies and departments involved. As elections play an important role in peace processes and political transitions aimed at ending bloodshed, or establishing or restoring democratic governance, electoral assistance is a growing area of responsibility and expertise.
Servicing the Security Council and Other UN Bodies
In carrying out its crucial functions, the United Nations Security Council relies on staff of the Department of Political Affairs for both substantive and secretariat support. DPA provides similar staff support to two standing committees established by the General Assembly, concerning the Rights of the Palestinian People and Decolonization.
Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Rosemary A. DiCarlo heads DPA. The Under-Secretary-General manages the department, advises the Secretary-General on matters affecting global peace and security, carries out high-level diplomatic missions and provides guidance to peace envoys and political missions in the field.
In addition to its more than 250 professional and administrative staff at UN headquarters in New York, DPA draws from the work of political and peace-building missions under its supervision, which employ more than 4,000 national and international staff in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. This field presence enriches DPA’s political analysis and provides a forward platform for good offices missions and other preventive initiatives. The Department is working closely with Member States to establish UN regional offices capable of providing support and advice, as required, in conflict prevention and resolution.